The Montessori method was developed by Italian physician Maria Montessori, who abandoned her medical career to focus on childhood education and development. The first Montessori School (Casa dei Bambini) was opened in Rome in 1907. Over time, Montessori developed a theory that approached education as a vehicle for developing world peace. She believed children who were given the opportunity to develop in a manner governed by their own inner laws of personal development would play an essential role in the development of a more peaceful civilization.
The Montessori approach to education has since given children agency in deciding what materials they want to explore and allows them to use materials of their own selection in the moments they are learning. It also creates an environment where children interact with students outside their typical age group. As a result, students develop improved skills in focus, coordination, discipline, determination, and self-confidence, as well as interpersonal skills like community-building and mutual respect for peers.